The Jumano were a nomadic tribe who lived between what is now El Paso and New Mexico in the North American Southwest.
The Spaniards are known to have made several specific visits to the Jumanos, though the reasons and the relationship between the two cultures are not completely understood. It is known that the Jumanos fed the Spanish on several occasions. They also shared valuable hunting and farming skills with the Spanish and acted as guides. It is thought, though not known for sure, that perhaps the Jumano acted in defense of the Spanish against other tribes. The Jumano Indians first appeared in written record in 1583 but dropped from all recorded history around 1750. Prevailing historical evidence supports that after 1750, any surviving Jumano Indians joined other tribes.