Why Did Jesus Choose Twelve Disciples?

Jesus selected twelve disciples to represent the twelve tribes of Israel. The disciples consisted of Simon Peter, James "The Lesser", John, Peter, Judas Iscariot, Andrew, Phillip, Matthew, James "The Greater", Thaddeus, Simon and Bartholomew.

Jesus gathered his disciples to accompany him during his ministry on earth, prior to his crucifixion and after his resurrection. During Jesus' ministry, the disciples lived every day with Jesus, learning from him and witnessing miracles. After the resurrection, their mission was to go around the world, retelling their experience with Jesus and preaching the good news of the gospel. The mission includes telling everyone about the promise God makes to all men and the saving power of the resurrection of Jesus.