Islam originated in the city of Mecca, which is on the eastern side of the Arabian peninsula in modern-day Saudi Arabia. The Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, was a native of this city.Continue Reading
As an adult, Muhammad took up the habit of praying alone in the caves near Mecca. One day the angel Gabriel appeared to Muhammad during these prayers and commanded him to recite verses. These holy verses eventually became the Q'uran, or Koran, the holy book of Islam. The monotheistic message of this new revelation shook Muhammad's hometown, for much of the traffic through the town was related to the thriving polytheistic cults centered there. City leaders, dependent on the polytheism for their income, opposed Muhammad's new preaching, especially as be began to gain converts.
After increasing tension, Muhammad moved his followers to Medina, a nearby city, where his message continued to resonate despite the frequent attacks of the Meccans. Eventually, he went back to Mecca, capturing it and clearing out that city's central shrine, the Kaaba, of the shrines to other gods. He then moved to conquer all of Arabia. Though he died soon after his victories in the Arabian peninsula, his religion quickly spread from its birthplace throughout North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia, becoming a major force in world religion and politics.Learn more about Islam
Islam, the Muslim religion, originated in the Arabian Peninsula around 622. Islam's prophet, Muhammad, lived in Mecca, a city in the western part of the peninsula. Here he developed the core doctrines of the religion.Full Answer >
Islam began in 610 A.D. when the prophet Muhammad experienced a visit from the angel Gabriel in a cave near Mecca. The Koran, which Muhammad dictated shortly thereafter, is considered to be the word of God through Gabriel's revelations.Full Answer >
The Five Pillars of Islam are the profession of faith (Shahadah), regulated prayer (Salah), almsgiving (Zakat), fasting (Sawm) and the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj). These pillars are defining ctenets of the Islamic faith.Full Answer >
The basic teachings of Islam are called the Five Pillars of Faith and comprise confession of faith, prayer, giving alms, fasting during Ramadaan, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. These are often also called the Five Pillars of Islam.Full Answer >