The religion of Islam officially began in 610 A.D., when the prophet Muhammad claimed to receive divine revelation from the archangel Gabriel, who also appears in the Judeo-Christian Bible, according to Evidence for Christianity. The Islamic tradition rebels against the idea of Jesus Christ as the literal son of God. Muslims believe that the core belief system of Christianity, the Trinity and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, is deeply flawed.
Muslims do not believe in a "son of God" and view Jesus as a prophet in much the same way they view their own prophet, Muhammad. Muhammad was an Arabic prophet who believed he possessed divine insight into the one true god that would shatter the beliefs of Christians. He claimed to have been visited by the archangel Gabriel, who very clearly stated that monotheism and belief in the true god Allah were essential to human existence. Soon after, he founded the religion of Islam based on these principles. His new and deeply controversial religious movement did not initially inspire a great deal of people in what is now known as Mecca, but by the 11th century, Islam had spread far and wide. Muhammad's followers and troops successfully took over the Arabian Peninsula, which was Muhammad's birthplace.
In modern times, Islamic faith dominates much of the Middle East and parts of Africa. It is quickly developing in western cultures such as the United Kingdom as well.