Fordism was a production process that focused on economical mass production by unskilled laborers who performed the same routine assembly-line tasks. One of Henry Ford's philosophies was to pay workers above-standard wages on the premise that people work to make money and to keep their jobs.
Soon after Ford began raising wages, other manufacturing companies followed suit. Higher wages helped reduce the extremely high turnover rates that were common at that time. One primary criticism of Fordism was that it demotivated people to develop new education and skills. Scientific management theorist Frederick Taylor pointed out that Fordism deskilled assembly-line workers by limiting them to the same routine roles every day.