Aristotle was responsible for major developments in many fields that are still studied today, including logic, zoology, science, astronomy and many more. Although many of his theories were eventually supplanted by more developed studies, his ideas were incredibly influential, and many of them still form the basis of modern thought.Continue Reading
Aristotle's "Prior Analytics" is considered the earliest study of formal logic. Aristotle's ideas about logic were the basis of the field for over 2000 years until advances in mathematical logic displaced them in the early 19th century. The philosopher Immanuel Kant asserted in his landmark "Critique of Pure Reason" that Aristotle's ideas of logic formed the core of the notion of deductive reasoning.
Aristotle also performed pioneering research in zoology, classifying animals into different types based on physical characteristics. He perceived a continuum of simpler and more complex forms of life, and in devising the beginnings of taxonomic classification, he is celebrated as the father of zoology. Though he used different terms, he recognized a fundamental distinction between vertebrates and invertebrates. He was able to distinguish whales and dolphins from fish and completed anatomical studies of cephalopods and crustaceans that are still valid today. Aristotle articulated an understanding of the water cycle long before it could be verified and also determined that the Earth is round.Learn more about Philosophy
Aristotle classified organisms by grouping them by similar characteristics. These groups were called genera and he further divided the organisms within the genera.Full Answer >
The philosophic legacy of Aristotle was to irrevocably alter the course of Western thought, contributing his knowledge and wisdom even to the advancement of biology through his dissection and proto-taxonomic classifications, as well as to human learning itself. He was also Alexander the Great's personal tutor and founded his own academy called the Lyceum.Full Answer >
An accurate timeline of when Aristotle made certain discoveries is not available. He began his training in philosophy in 367 B.C. and stayed in Plato's academy until around 347 B.C. It was during this time that he showed an interest in medicine, science and metaphysics.Full Answer >
The primary difference between Plato and Aristotle lies in their beliefs about what was most authentic about existence. Plato believed that ultimate reality is not present in everyday experiences. Aristotle thought that the everyday world is more authentic than Plato's otherworldly set of ideals.Full Answer >