Ideological conflict is the mental, verbal or physical manifestation of rivalry among groups that share opposing world views. For example, scholastic and scientific debates among members of groups that believe in divine creation and members of groups that believe in Darwin's theory of evolution (Darwinism) are experiencing ongoing ideological conflicts based upon each group's collective belief system.
According to Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II, the editor for the U.S. Army War College Quarterly, ideological conflicts also exist among members of the same religions, such as within Catholicism or within the Nation of Islam, based upon individualistic interpretations of the same sacred texts.
Eschevarria also points out that advertising among same-product manufacturers or same-service providers is another form of ideological conflict. He cites the ongoing "Cola Wars" between Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola as an example. Another example of a continuous ideological conflict is the Pro-Life and Right-to-Choose abortion movements in the United States. The Cold War is also an example of ideological conflict, as it arose out of opposing military, political and economic beliefs between Russia and its allies and the United States.
Ideological conflicts may also arise among members of a family, political affiliation, classroom or other collective groups where opposing views of religious, political, environmental, social or economic view points come into question.