Some court cases about racial discrimination are Plessy v. Ferguson, Korematsu v. U.S., Brown v. Board of Education, and Loving v. Virginia. The appellants in most major racial discrimination cases have been African Americans.
Plessy v. Ferguson was a 1896 Supreme Court decision that upheld the doctrine of "separate but equal". The appellant, Homer Plessy, was arrested for violating a racial segregation Jim Crow law, and the court ruled his arrest was justified.
Korematsu v. United States was a 1994 Supreme Court decision that forced Japanese Americans in internment camps. The appellant, Fred Korematsu, refused to leave his California home to live in an internment camp. The court's decided that the exclusion order was constitutional.
Brown v. Brown Education was a 1954 Supreme Court case that declared segregated schools unconstitutional. The case overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, which allowed state sponsored segregation. The Supreme Court stated that state-sponsored segregation was in violation of the 14th Amendment of the U.S Constitution.
Loving v. Virginia was a 1967 civil rights case in which the court invalidated laws that prohibit interracial marriage. The appellant, Mildred Jeter, and her husband, Richard Loving, were found guilty and sentenced to jail because of their illegal martial status. As of result of this landmark decision, interracial marriage became legal in all 50 states.