A couperose complexion, also known as telangiectasis, is a permanently pink complexion with diffused redness across the neck, nose and cheeks, according to Minerelle. This condition involves the circulatory system and is usually accompanied by tiny, dilated red blood vessels.
Minerelle states that the symptoms of a couperose skin include a delicate flush on the neck, nose and cheeks, frequent flushed appearance and visibly broken capillaries. Caucasians and people with lightly pigmented skins often get this complexion. The condition is typically hereditary. Couperose complexion also affects elderly people as the skin becomes thinner and more fragile with age. People with darker skin do not develop couperose because darker pigmentation and higher oil production protect the capillaries. Moreover, thicker and darker skin has better insulation than thin, fair and dry skin.
Couperose complexion occurs because the capillary walls expand but do not quickly return to their normal size due to a loss of skin elasticity. This leads to visible capillaries and lingering redness on the skin. Sun exposure, extreme temperatures and lifestyle factors, like smoking and alcohol consumption, tend to worsen the condition. Minerelle advises that people with this condition should protect their skin by using a titanium dioxide or zinc oxide sunblock and by staying out of the sun whenever possible.