What Are the Core Beliefs of Muslims?

The core beliefs of Muslims include the oneness of God, angels, scripture, prophets, judgement day and divine decree. These beliefs are portrayed in the Islamic acts of worship that include a declaration of faith, prayer, acts of charity, fasting and a pilgrimage to Mecca.

Of the six major or core beliefs of Islam, the first is the oneness of God. This means that God is omnipotent and omnipresent, the creator of all. He also does not have a body or gender. The second belief is that of angels. These angels worship God and act as messengers, responsible for revealing God's will to the prophets. Scriptures are an important core belief. These include not only the primary book, the Quran, that was revealed to Muhammad, but the Torah, Psalms, Scrolls and Gospel. These scriptures were given to Moses, Jesus, David and Abraham respectively, who are considered prophets. However, Muslims believe that only the original forms of these books remain pure.

Prophets are another important core belief and include some of the major figures in the Bible, such as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Muhammad is believed to be the last prophet. Muslims believe as well in a day of judgement when all people stand before the bar of God and are rewarded or punished according to their actions. Finally, the last core belief is divine decree or preordination. All actions and choices are already known to God.