The symbolic meaning of the black in the Aboriginal flag represents the Aboriginal people in Australia. The yellow represents the sun, and the red represents the Earth.
The Aboriginal flag was designed in 1971 by Harold Thomas. The flag was designed for the land rights movement of the 1970s. The Australian government granted the flag status as one of the official flags of Australia in 1995 through the Flag Act of 1953.
Australian Olympic gold medalist Cathy Freeman caused controversy in the 1994 Commonwealth Games when she carried both the Aboriginal flag and the Australian national flag during her victory lap.