Church resolutions are executed through the elected or appointed members of the church’s clergy. For example, the Catholic Church executes its resolutions through the line of officials who are headed by the pope.
A pope in the Catholic Church is elected by a body of the clergy referred to as the College of Cardinals. Usually, cardinals of the College who are under 80 years of age meet 15 to 20 days after the death or resignation of a pope to elect a new one. Resolutions passed by the highest supreme body of the church are passed down to the cardinals.
The cardinals, consequently, pass the resolutions to bishops who announce new procedures to all priests. Bishops are the officials in charge of the geographical area called dioceses or sees. Generally, clergy in the Catholic Church may fall under three different categories. While bishops belong to the episcopate, priests fall under the presbyterate, and deacons belong to the diaconate.
Interestingly, the papacy, the office of the pope, serves both as a religious center and an administrative capital. To distinguish the two functions, the administrative capital is called the Vatican City State. From here, a pope may send diplomatic representatives to foreign countries and receive foreign ambassadors.