Christian Humanists believe in the coexistence of the Christian faith and Humanist principles, which include human rights like freedom and dignity. Christian Humanism leans towards a scientific and rational basis of explanation for life, rather than the emphasis on the supernatural that dominates most religions. Christian Humanism developed during ancient times, like most religions, but derived influence primarily from the Renaissance.
Christian Humanism forms philosophies based on the concepts of the Good Samaritan and from the separation of individuals from theology, a concept stemming from Saint Paul. The emphasis that Christian Humanists place on recognizing unique individual traits inherent in people parallels the central concepts of Renaissance Humanism. Renaissance Humanism values science and earthly experiences, gained through the senses, on religious authority. The Renaissance Humanism movement grew in response to the rigid rule of the Catholic Church, which dominated the religious landscape of Medieval Europe. Modern Christian Humanism, dating back to the 19th century, comprises a liberal branch of the Christian religion. Christian Humanists objected to standard teachings of the Bible in addition to traditional Catholic practices. Practitioners adopted a Humanistic view of God and Jesus, ascribing human qualities to emphasize emotions, feeling and similarity to the human race. Christian Humanism gained a large following during the 15th century, earning the title of a prominent intellectual movement.