How Do Children Learn?

Some of the varied ways that children learn include through stories, songs and word games like tongue twisters or anagrams, as well as logic puzzles requiring the development of problem-solving skills. Children learn in different ways, depending on their age and temperament.

Some children have a distinct preference or aptitude for visual learning methods, whereas others might learn easier by sound or the other senses.

Particularly at 3 months of age, a child's learning is largely based on taste and touch via the mouth. At 5 months, sound becomes as important as tactile stimulation. Before the age of 12 months, most children's learning needs to be facilitated by adults. As they get older, they become more inquisitive and independent, but it helps to introduce toys and other stimuli early on.

Between 12 and 18 months, being read to becomes a useful and appreciated method of learning.

Between 18 months and 2 years of age, children learn in small groups. Building blocks are useful, as are arts and crafts materials. However, there needs to be care taken to ensure there is enough to go around.

From 2 to 7 years old, children start to think and reason for themselves, although they remain largely unwilling to share.

From 7 until 12, this selfish nature starts to fall away as the child becomes more self-aware and ready to engage rationally with the world.