Decennial records remain confidential by the United States Census Bureau for a total of 72 years, so 1950s census records remain sealed until the year 2022, according to Census.gov. This measure is taken to respect respondents' privacy. Ancestry.com does offer a 1950 census substitute search but for a fee.
A census is a count of all people and households in the United States, as mandated by the U.S. Constitution, states Census.gov. This data is collected to determine the number of seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives, and it is also essential to the disbursement of federal funds.