The causes behind a tingling sensation in the head can be attributed to diabetes, peripheral artery disease, peripheral neuropathy, peripheral nerve trauma, peripheral nerve compression, a cold, compartment syndrome, a cerebrovascular accident, a head injury or a facial injury according to Right Diagnosis from HealthGrades. The tingling sensation in the head has been described as partial numbness, and the sensation of having "pins and needles" on the head. This type of condition is also better known as "paresthesia."
Paresthesia has been accompanied by many additional and common symptoms like pain, anxiety, muscle spams, frequent urination, rashes and touch sensitivity. It has also been associated with some symptoms that are considered more rare, but require immediate medical attention, such as difficulty breathing, confusion, loss of consciousness for brief moments, dizziness, loss of bladder or bowel control, paralysis, slurred speech and weakness or loss of strength.
To diagnose paresthesia, a general practitioner will normally perform a physical examination, and will also look into the medical history of the patient's family members since paresthesia can be a symptom of life-threatening conditions and illnesses. The physician may also get a blood test done, examine the cerebrospinal fluid, determine the nerve conduction velocity or request an electromyography.