Muscle cramps in the hands can occur due to several causes, including poor blood circulation, dehydration, nerve injury, thyroid disorders, vitamin D deficiency, potassium deficiency, calcium deficiency in pregnant women, certain medications among others. They also occur in the feet, toes and thumbs. Muscle cramps can be painful in some cases, as stated by National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus.
Some common symptoms of cramps in the hands include numbness, muscle weakness, tingling, twitching and uncontrolled motions.Hot or cold compression can help in easing the pain caused by the cramps. If the pain does not clear up, over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can be used. Medications can also help in stretching the muscles, as stated by Healthline. If the cramps occur due to vitamin D deficiency, using vitamin D supplement can help to stem off the condition. Calcium supplements can also be used. Following the advice of a health care provider is necessary.
Regular exercise can help to improve the flexibility of muscles. Aerobic exercises, such as swimming, are essential in preventing the cramps.This helps to prevent damage to the muscle. Taking plenty of water during exercises is also helpful to prevent dehydration. If the cramps become recurrent, it is sensible to visit a doctor for a diagnosis, as stated by MedlinePlus.