What Are Some Causes of Leg Pain in Women?

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Most leg pain in women is a result of strain or overuse, according to Mayo Clinic. Leg pain caused by deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or arterial embolism is a medical emergency that requires prompt attention, warns Healthine.

Most types of leg pain are not medical emergencies, reports Mayo Clinic. Some possible causes include shin splints, Achilles tendinitis, muscle cramps, osteoarthritis and stress fractures.

Deep vein thrombosis usually forms in the thigh or lower leg, according to Healthline. This serious condition occurs when a vein is blocked by a blood clot, and women who are over age 60, pregnant, taking birth control pills or participating in hormone therapy are at greater risk for forming a clot. Deep vein thrombosis symptoms include pain in the foot or lower leg, swelling on one side of the leg, leg cramps and feeling warmth in one area of the leg.

If deep vein thrombosis is not treated in a timely manner, it can lead to a dangerous pulmonary or arterial embolism. The blood clots that cause these issues most commonly start in the legs or arms, reports Healthline. Patients who are experiencing a lack of pulse, coldness or numbness in a leg should seek medical assistance immediately.