What Causes Inflamed Ovaries?

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According to Women’s Health, pelvic inflammatory disease causes the ovaries and other pelvic organs to become inflamed. These organs include the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix and ovaries.

Women’s Health explains that pelvic inflammatory disease occurs when bacteria travels from the vagina to the pelvic organs, causing an infection to develop. Usually, this bacteria occurs as a result of a sexually transmitted infection often associated with chlamydia or gonorrhea. It can take up to two or three months for the bacteria to attack the pelvic organs. At this point, symptoms include painful urination, vaginal discharge, irregular menstruation, stomach pain and fever.

A woman with this disease needs to consult a doctor as soon as possible, especially if she is pregnant, has abscesses or has problems swallowing medications, Women’s Health states. Treatment involves an antibiotic regimen that needs to be followed thoroughly until all the medication is taken. A woman who does not get treatment risks more serious complications, such as ectopic pregnancy, pelvic pain and infertility. Recurring pelvic inflammatory disease causes extreme scarring, which then blocks off the fallopian tubes and prevents pregnancy. When this occurs, the typical treatment is surgery, which removes some of the scar tissue and helps to decrease pelvic pain.