What Causes Colon Polyps?

Jeremy T Hetzel/CC-BY 2.0

The cause of colon polyps is unknown as of October 2014, according to Healthline and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. However, risks for developing colon polyps include having a family history of them, a history of ovarian or uterine cancer, having a high-fat and low-fiber diet and being 50 years of age or older.