Human breeding can be controlled. Currently attempts to control population can be seen in China, Sweden, Singapore and India. Controlling human breeding helps maintain the appropriate carrying capacity of a region, which is essential to stability. Governments implement different policies to reach this goal.
Attempts to control human breeding are exemplified by China. Starting in the 1970s, China implemented a one child per family rule due to a large population boom. If a family broke this rule, a monetary penalty was enforced. Rural families discarded female babies, as they were deemed less useful, leading to an uneven ratio of males to females. China has since increased the family size to two babies in an attempt to repair this inequity. China’s control of breeding was enacted to ensure land and government could sustain its people.
Sweden has been experiencing a decline in population in which the replacement rate is not being met. In the past, the country offered support for families and parental benefits, but the incentives did not work for long as the country experienced a recession. Money incentives human breeding, as Sweden saw when it was not able to provide the enough economic incentives to encourage a population increase.
Human breeding can be controlled through the availability of contraceptives. CNN reported that Colorado experienced a 40% drop in teenage pregnancies from 2009 to 2013 by providing family clinics with inter uterine devices (IUDs). The Philippines' high population was in part to the lack of contraceptive available. According to the PBS News Hour, the recent adoption of the health-care law, which will make contraceptive more readily available in the Philippines, will eventually decrease the population rate.