Brain breaks help improve attention and focus by changing the routine to refresh the brain. The human brain pays attention to any stimulus it senses, so brain breaks feed in to this desire for change and stimulating activities.
Students often struggle to stay focused when working on one activity for long periods of time, especially if the activity involves receiving information in a familiar way. Brain breaks involving physical activity increase blood and oxygen flow to the brain, resulting in improved concentration. The movement activities help energize students if they lack energy after a long period of quiet seat work. Other brain breaks help calm students when they have difficulty sitting still so that they can refocus on the learning task.