As of 2015, the bulk of Bulgaria's exports is made up of refined petroleum, refined and unrefined copper, wheat, chemicals and manufactured items such as footwear, clothing, machinery and medical equipment. Other commodities exported on a smaller scale include sunflower seeds, metal ores, rolled tobacco, corn, carbonates and iron.
Bulgaria also trades in less common commodities such as bird feathers, toilet paper, artwork, plants, cleaning products, glass tiles and human and animal blood, although these products make up a very small percentage of the country's total exports. Bulgaria's main export destinations are primarily other European countries such as Italy, Germany, Greece, Belgium, France and Romania, although Bulgaria also exports to Turkey, China, Russia and the United States on a smaller scale.
As a whole, exports in Bulgaria have seen a steady increase since plummeting to an all-time low in January 2000, eventually culminating in a record high in October 2014, as reported by the National Statistical Institute in Bulgaria. Although the country's export volume dropped significantly in 2009 after a more profitable 2008, this was most likely due to the global recession, and the upward trend was re-established in 2010. Despite this growth, Bulgaria's imports have historically outweighed its exports, and this has had a significant impact on the Bulgarian marketplace overall.