The Buckley Amendment, or the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), is a federal law that was enacted in November 1984. The law gives parents or "eligible students" (those who are over 18 years old) certain rights with respect to a student's educational records.
Any school that receives federal funding must provide access to or copies of school records to parents or eligible students within 45 days of their request. (It should be noted that schools are not required to provide copies of student records unless the person requesting the records is for some reason unable to review the records otherwise. The school may charge a reasonable fee for copies.)
Parents and eligible students also have the right to ask that information be amended or removed if they feel that it is incorrect. If the revision is not approved by the school, then a formal hearing may be requested. If the request is again denied, then the parent or student may enclose a statement in the record to disclose their view on the disputed information.