What Are the Branches of Sociology and Anthropology?

According to French sociologist Emile Durkheim, sociology consists of three main branches: social morphology, general sociology and social physiology. Anthropology is divided into four branches, including physical anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology and archaeology.

Sociology is defined as the study of human social relationships. It includes everything from family to country to religion to crime. General sociology involves the study of social laws and how they are formed, while social physiology involves the study of religion, economics, politics, laws and other elements that influence society.

Anthropology, on the other hand, is the study of human culture, past and present. It involves a broader look at social patterns in different cultures as well as investigating how humans have adapted to different environments in the modern and past world.

Because both deal in some part with human interaction and sociocultural relations, many people sometimes mistake sociology and anthropology to be the same thing. They are, however, different fields, albeit with certain similarities.

Many of the branches of anthropology have sub branches. For instance, physical anthropology is further divided into paleoanthropology, primatology and forensic anthropology. Cultural anthropology also comes with several sub branches including religious anthropology, economic anthropology, applied anthropology, political anthropology and psychological anthropology.