Black and red are the colors worn on clothing and used for identification by the Black Disciples, an African-American street gang. The gang is based in Chicago, Ill., and was formed in 1960 by David Barksdale.
The Black Disciples are part of the Folk Nation alliance of street gangs in Chicago, though they have been known to engage in disputes with certain other gangs in the alliance. The gang is considered extremely violent and is known to engage in a variety of criminal activities, including drug trafficking and distribution, theft, robbery, gun trafficking, murder, embezzlement, money laundering and racketeering. The gang has about 15,000 members.