Rising to become the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Colin Powell is perhaps the best-known African-American U.S. Army general. Another prominent black general was Brig. Gen. Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., who became the first African-American general officer in the Army.
Henry O. Flipper, a former slave, became the first African-American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1877. He became the first African-American to be commissioned in the Army when he began his career as a second lieutenant.
In 1979, Hazel Johnson-Brown was promoted to brigadier general, becoming the first African-American to achieve such a rank.
Gen. Roscoe Robinson Jr. was the first African-American to reach the rank of four-star general in the Army.