If you are unfamiliar with the Bible or have not heard the full list of the Ten Commandments in a while, you probably know these: "do not lie" and "do not steal." The prohibition against murder is also commonly known, and many are probably familiar with the commandment against adultery.
In the Bible, Exodus 20 lists the Ten Commandments. These were laws or rules that God gave to the Israelites through Moses. After being enslaved in Egypt for generations, the Israelites broke free from the pharaoh and went into the desert where God led them. Moses was an instrumental leader during this time, helping to free the Israelites and lead them on their quest for the Promised Land. During this time in the desert, the Ten Commandments were written on large stones and given to Moses at the top of Mount Sinai. The first commandment is to reject all other gods except Yahweh, which is followed by the commandment to not worship idols. Thirdly, one may not misuse the name of Yahweh. An often forgotten commandment is the fourth: remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy. Fifth is a command to honor one's father and mother. Commandments 6-10 are the most commonly remembered: do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not lie, and do not envy the possessions of others. In the New Testament (Matthew 22:37-40), Jesus summarizes the commandments by saying, "You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, and all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. A second is equally important: Love your neighbor as yourself. The entire law and all the demands of the prophets are based on these two commandments.”