In his book, "The Prince," Niccolo Machiavelli argues that it is ultimately better to be feared than loved as a leader, although he notes that being loved and feared at the same time would be ideal, albeit unlikely. His argument is based on a view of people as essentially self-serving. If they see an opportunity to further their own interests, even at the expense of loyalty or love, only fear of repercussions will hold them back.Continue Reading
Many economists agree with Machiavelli's assessment, observing that the most powerful factor in motivating people is the fear of loss, a phenomenon referred to as "loss aversion." Economist John List suggests that employers use people's loss aversion to their advantage by issuing bonuses to employees with a warning that they will be taken back if targets are not met.
The question of whether it is better to be loved or feared as a leader is also relevant in the context of education. In former times, it was common for teachers to invoke obedience from their students by hitting them. Nowadays, it is understood that fear-based discipline, such as this stifles creativity and learning.
If creativity is a desirable trait among students or employees, then fear is not likely to be an effective tool in motivation.Learn more about Psychology
A person's personality is important as it distinguishes him from other individuals and inspires others to follow him as a leader. Personality development helps an individual to live with a positive attitude towards life and reduces stress. A person's emotional intelligence is related to his personality, and it contributes significantly to the level of success he achieves throughout his career. A person's personality is what helps him navigate through life.Full Answer >
Some of the differences between a leader and a follower are leaders are always willing to step up in tough situations, inspire the best qualities in others, and always strive to devise progressive initiatives to inspire change. Leaders also know the importance of seeking advice in making tough decisions, while followers are generally provincial in scope.Full Answer >
People construct their identity through internal processes or by belonging to a group, and combined with a person's preference to a type of control, they can be defined by four distinct identity types: leader, follower, independent and drifter. In the general field of social sciences, identity can be more loosely defined as how someone perceives themselves and how they are perceived within a group or affiliation.Full Answer >
According to Mind Tools, in order to motivate people when work volume is high but morale is low, the team leader should take action to get organized, achieve measurable goals and rebuild self-confidence. Strategies to help build team morale may include reconnecting with the team, developing the team, improving the workplace, improving communication, setting measurable goals, rebuilding confidence, focusing on talent management and keeping people motivated.Full Answer >