Believer's baptism occurs when an authorized Baptist minister immerses, or dips, the candidate in water, symbolizing the death and burial of Christ. Rising out of the water represents the candidate's belief in the resurrection of Christ.
Before immersing the candidate in water, some ministers say, "I baptize you in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit." These words vary, as there is no standard formula. Baptist church membership requires believer's baptism by immersion in water, either at the local church or at another church that performs baptisms the local church honors.
Baptist churches administer believer's baptism only to individuals at or past the age of accountability, which varies according to the candidate's ability to demonstrate understanding of the procedure. Baptist ministers perform baptisms in swimming pools, streams, lakes, oceans or indoor baptismal pools.