Basic steps in aerobics include marching or jogging in place, skipping, jumping jacks, kicking, punching, hamstring curls and the grapevine, a lateral move where exercisers step rhythmically to the right and then to the left. Modern aerobics classes often include modified kickboxing moves in a mode of exercise referred to as cardio kickboxing. Aerobics instructors incorporate strength training exercises in their routines such as squats, lunges and upper-body exercises performed quickly and rhythmically to increase heart rate.
Aerobic exercise combines movements of both the arms and the legs. Aerobics instructors are trained to develop targeted routines that improve cardiovascular health and increase physical stamina and muscle tone in participants. Instructors develop creative routines that incorporate traditional athletic moves, dancing and boxing to keep participants motivated and entertained while exercising.
Aerobic exercises are usually performed to the beat of specially designed, up-tempo music used to motivate participants. Music for aerobics is designed to help participants move quickly to reach a targeted heart rate, thereby increasing cardiovascular health and encouraging weight loss.
Aerobic exercisers monitor heart rate to determine their exertion during a workout session. Exercisers check the heart rate using monitors attached to the body or by placing two fingers on the artery in the wrist or neck and counting the number of beats to the second hand on a clock.