What Are the Barriers to the Communication Process?

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Some barriers to effective communication include lack of understanding an audience, lack of subject knowledge and physical distractions. Recognizing specific barriers in communication is the first step toward improving business and personal relationships.

Communication barriers can be broken down into two different types: encoding barriers and transmitting barriers. Encoding involves selecting and organizing sounds and symbols into a message. Not understanding an audience and lack of subject knowledge are considered encoding barriers because they hinder a person's ability to encode the message. Transmitting involves actually receiving the designated message. Barriers to this will include things such as physical barriers, like noise, and selecting the wrong channel to deliver the message.