Recovery time varies for patients who undergo spinal fusion surgery, however many patients return home within two to four days following surgery, according to Mayfield Clinic. Most patients return to work within six to 12 weeks, and those who have a standing or physically demanding job may return with restrictions.
Within the first two weeks following surgery, fatigue is common as the patient gradually returns to daily activities such as bathing and dressing, states Mayfield Clinic. Recovery time depends largely on the patient's level of commitment to exercise, and light stretching and walking are highly encouraged. Within six weeks the patient works up to a physical therapy program that includes low-impact aerobics, swimming or walking.