An effective behavioral intervention plan includes antecedent and setting event modifications, the teaching of alternative skills, consequence strategies and lifestyle interventions. Behavior intervention plans focus on improving behavior by positively altering as many aspects of the target individual's life as possible. These plans attempt to help educate the individual on proper behavior in various situations and inform him about the possible negative consequences for displaying inappropriate behavior. The most successful plans also attempt to discover the causes of bad behavior.
Many behavioral intervention plans contain alternative skill instruction in which the target individual is taught to replace his bad behavior with behavior that is more appropriate. There are three types of alternative skill instruction: replacement skills or behaviors, general skills, and coping or tolerance skills.
Replacement behaviors directly substitute for problem behaviors and must serve the same functions as the original problem behaviors if the substitution is going to work effectively. It is important that these replacement behaviors are things that the individual is capable of doing and have meaning for the target individual.
General skills alter the situations in which problems arise, helping to prevent the occurrence of problem behaviors. Anger management falls within the category of coping or tolerance skills. These skills help the individual when he is faced with difficult situations.