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What is Area 51?

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Quick Answer

Area 51 is a top-secret, heavily guarded military installation in rural Nevada. Since the second half of the 20th century, there has been a lot of speculation that Area 51 is a facility for researching UFO and alien technology.

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Full Answer

The existence of Area 51 has been known for years, but the government only officially acknowledged its existence in 2013 as the result of a Freedom of Information Act request. Area 51 became the subject of UFO conspiracies following a supposed crash in Roswell, N.M. in 1947. Witnesses claimed that UFO wreckage and alien carcasses were taken away by government officials. Since then, the region has been a hotbed of UFO sightings.

The official purpose of Area 51, according to the reports released in accordance with the Freedom of Information Act, is that it is a facility for developing aerial surveillance technology. Although the CIA has officially acknowledged the existence of Area 51 and its purpose, it has faced accusations of a government cover up by extreme believers of the UFO theories. The location's remoteness and heavily guarded perimeter contribute significantly to such claims. Aside from a top secret alien and UFO research facility, other speculation about the purpose of Area 51 is that it is a government toxic waste dump.

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