Antral gastritis is an autoimmune issue that includes inflammation, irritation or erosion of the stomach lining in a single region of the stomach, states DietHealthClub.com. While it is one of the less common types of gastritis, it can impact any person, and is common for those over 60 years old.
According to WebMD, antral gastritis can occur suddenly in acute cases or gradually in chronic cases, and can be brought on by a number of issues including excessive alcohol use, stress, chronic vomiting or the use of certain anti-inflammatory medications.
With this type of gastritis, many patients do not exhibit any symptoms, according to Diet Health Club, and most patients with this condition only discover they have antral gastritis after visiting a doctor. Some mild symptoms may indicate an issue with antral gastritis, according to DietHealthClub.com. This symptoms include indigestion, nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite, with severe cases presenting blood in the vomit. If left untreated, WebMD states additional symptoms such as dark and bloody stools, gas and serious nausea can occur.
This condition can have a number of root causes, including bacterial infections, but the only way to diagnose the condition is an endoscopic procedure, according to the DietHealthClub.com. The condition can be treated in a number of ways, ranging from diet modifications, antibiotics or surgery, depending on the root cause of the condition.