Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy are the first five books of the Bible. They are designated collectively as the Pentateuch by Christians and the Torah by Jews. God’s covenant with the Israelites is their primary subject matter. They are believed to have been written my Moses.
The books of the Pentateuch are followed by Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel. These books are classified as historical. The same is true of 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles and Ezra. The last two historical books are Nehemiah and Esther.
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon are referred to as wisdom books. They are followed by Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel and Daniel, which are categorized as Major Prophets.
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah and Micah are the first of 12 Minor Prophets. Also in this category are Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. This completes the Protestant Old Testament.
The New Testament begins with Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, collectively known as the gospels. This term is translated from a Greek word meaning good news. Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians and Ephesians follow. The latter four fall into a category known as epistles, which means letters.
Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy are also epistles, as are all the remaining books of the New Testament. They include Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 Peter and 2 Peter. The last five epistles are 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude and Revelation.