Learn how to identify edible, wild berries from their poisonous cousins by following a few simple steps. You need good observation skills and a field guide.
Many trees produce berries, which are fruits produced from a single ovary that are fleshy. However, in common usage, people apply the term “berry” to any small fruit. Some of the most common berry-producing trees in North America include the mulberry, beautyberry, holly, juniper and blueberry.
Some types of berry trees include chokeberry, mulberry, western soapberry and hackberry. The fruit of tree berries can tolerate cold temperatures better than most berries, which grow on shrubs. Some berries that grow on trees can only be eaten by birds and other wildlife.
You can identify pictures of wild berries by focusing on the shape, color, amount of visible seeds, type of plant and appearance of the plant leaves. The appearance of the leaves is one of the most reliable ways to identify wild berries.
Although the majority of edible berries grow on bushes and shrubs, there are several edible berries that grow on trees, such as the mulberry, hackberry, chokecherry or chokeberry, and the tree strawberry. All of these berry trees can be found growing wild in various parts of North America.
Trees with red berries on them include are the holly and the coffee tree. The holly is grown both for its red berries, which appear in the fall and winter, as well as for its glossy, dark green foliage.
Many different fruit tree identification guides are available. They can be found in print as desktop or pocket field guides, online, and as iPhone apps. Tree identification guides are usually divided by region. These guides help identify trees by their fruit, leaves, flowers, bark or branches.
There are many different types of trees that have red berries, including American holly, yew, dogwood and flowering crabapple. The red berries of some trees, including the yew, may be toxic to humans.
To identify a berry tree, use a tree-identification book or another reliable resource. The shape, color and size of the berry and the overall appearance of the tree are features used to identify specific tree species.
The Washington hawthorne tree, native to the mid-western United States, grows to a 30-foot height and features deep green leaves and clusters of fall and winter red berries. Flowering crabapple trees produce abundant 1/2-inch red berries that persist into winter dormancy and are loved by birds and o