Many believe that civilization began in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. In order for a society to be civilized, it must have towns, some form of state governance and a civil service. More »

The Sumerian civilization formed around 4000 B.C. and disappeared in 2000 B.C. The Sumerians settled in the fertile regions surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. They established communities in structured city-sta... More »

According to The Columbia Encyclopedia, the Aztec capital Tenochtitlán was founded circa 1325 A.D. It was at this point that the organized Aztec civilization began, as they had previously been a poor tribe of nomads. The... More »

Anatomically modern humans, Homo sapiens sapiens, are a 150,000-year-old subspecies responsible for the entirety of recorded history and civilization. The human species, Homo sapiens, is currently believed to date back n... More »

The oldest evidence for a civilization, defined by urban development, social stratification, writing systems and agriculture, comes from the Mesopotamian region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers of the Middle East.... More »

The first aqueducts were built in the early second millennium B.C. and are from the Minoan civilization on Crete and Mesopotamia. The earliest sophisticated, Roman-style aqueduct was constructed in the ninth century B.C.... More »

Some of civilization's first cities were founded by the Sumerian people in Mesopotamia, which is located in the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Mesopotamia, women were wives and mothers and took care o... More »