Magnesium is a silvery-white, low density, reasonably strong metal that tarnishes in air to form a thin oxide coating. Magnesium and its alloys have very good corrosion resistance and good high temperature mechanical properties. The metal reacts with water to produce hydrogen gas. When it burns in air, magnesium produces a brilliant white light.
The commercial production of magnesium by electrolysis is credited to Robert Bunsen who in 1852 made a small laboratory cell for the electrolysis of fused magnesium chloride, Bunsen’s modificated cell was used in ‘ The Aluminium and Magnesium Fabrik’ in Hemelingen in Germany for the first commercial magnesium production.
Magnesium Chloride Benefits Digestion. As to the success of magnesium chloride for health via oral supplementation, the benefits are admirable. Many researchers advocate magnesium chloride as the most effective form of dietary supplementation, in part due to the vital role that chloride has in the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
Magnesium hydroxide is added to plastics to make them fire retardant. Magnesium oxide is used to make heat-resistant bricks for fireplaces and furnaces. It is also added to cattle feed and fertilisers. Magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia), sulfate (Epsom salts), chloride and citrate are all used in medicine.
Who Discovered Magnesium? Let's Find Out. ... Who Discovered the Element Magnesium? ... Bussy came up with the ingenious method of heating magnesium chloride and potassium in a glass tube. The precipitate potassium chloride would be washed off, thereby, resulting in the isolation of large quantities of magnesium. ...
Magnesium's reversible reaction with water can be harnessed to store energy and run a magnesium-based engine. Magnesium also reacts exothermically with most acids such as hydrochloric acid (HCl), producing the metal chloride and hydrogen gas, similar to the HCl reaction with aluminium, zinc, and many other metals.
Medically, magnesium chloride was first used as an antiseptic. The French surgeon Pierre Delbet made use of it during the first world war, when he discovered that despite having antiseptic properties, it did not cause the kind of tissue damage associated with the harsh disinfectants of the time.
The resulting amalgam of mercury and magnesium was heated in a glass tube to drive off the mercury, leaving behind pure magnesium. Antoine A.B. Bussy. For his discovery, Bussy found a way to produce quantities of magnesium. To do so, he heated magnesium chloride and potassium in a glass tube and then washed out the newly formed potassium chloride.
Magnesium-aluminum alloys are used where strong, lightweight materials are required, such as in airplanes, missiles and rockets. Cameras, horseshoes, baseball catchers' masks and snowshoes are other items that are made from magnesium alloys. Magnesium oxide (MgO), also known as magnesia, is the second most abundant compound in the earth's crust ...
Dr. Delbet serendipitously discovered that this oral solution had also a tonic effect on many people and so became aware that the Magnesium Chloride had an effect on the whole organism. Many studies have shown an increased cancer rate in regions with low magnesium levels in soil and drinking water.