Gold is a chemical element. Its symbol on the periodic table is Au, and it is classified as a transition metal. It has an atomic number of 79, which is one of the higher atomic numbers of elements that occur naturally. More » Science Chemistry

The existence of gold has been known for over 5,500 years; therefore, the exact location of its discovery is unknown. Gold is a metal element that is often found with other metal elements such as silver and copper. More »

There is no record that states when gold was discovered, but it is known to have been used by human beings since at least 3000 B.C. A fairly stable element, gold can be found in a free state, often in stream beds. More » Beauty & Fashion Jewelry & Watches Precious Metals & Gems

Because gold is an element, a lump of pure gold contains nothing but gold atoms. Because pure gold is very soft and easily marred, it is often alloyed with other metals to make jewelry, coins and other precious objects. More »

Gold is a naturally occurring element on the periodic table and cannot be manufactured or made from other elements except through nuclear reactions. Gold is created when a star explodes to become a supernova or neutron s... More » Science Earth Science Geology

Gold normally has 79 electrons. Unless it has been ionized, the number of electrons in an atom is the same as its number of protons. This is expressed as the element's atomic number, which, for gold, is 79. More »

At normal room temperature, about 70 degrees Fahrenheit, gold exists in a solid phase. It is classified as a metal and must be heated to extreme temperatures to transform into a gas or liquid. It is a soft metal and is e... More »