American citizens that are registered voters directly elect the United States Congress. Congressional elections, referred to as mid-term elections, are held once every 2 years through a U.S. President's term of office. More »

The whips are responsible for assisting the majority and minority leaders in Congress. Both parties elect a whip who is responsible for enforcing party's policies and mobilizing members when voting on important legislati... More »

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The people in districts who are represented in Congress are called constituents. Constituents are people who elect a congressperson to represent them, and elected leaders connect their voters to the government. More »

Bicameralism of the United States Congress is in accordance with the basic principle of the government contained in the Constitution, that the government must be separated into two equal powers to prevent tyranny. The tw... More »

The House of Representatives and the Senate are the two parts of the United States Congress. The Capitol in Washington, D.C. houses both of these bodies. Members of both are selected through the process of direct electio... More »

The United States Congress cannot pass bills of attainder, suspend the writ of habeas corpus unless it is a time of national emergency or pass ex post facto laws. Even though Congress lacks these three powers, it can sti... More »

The seniority rule refers to a custom in the United States Congress that grants committee chairmanship to a majority party member who has served on the committee for the longest amount of time. Service time on the commit... More »