Genetic information is stored in several places, which are DNA molecules, genes, chromosomes, mitochondria and the genome. Different amounts and types of genetic information are stored in these locations. The majority of... More »

Genetic information is stored in DNA and can be carried from one generation to the next via both DNA and RNA. Both DNA and RNA are long protein-based polymers that are comprised of nucleic acids. They carry genetic infor... More »

The nucleus is the part of the cell that contains most of the genetic information found in cells. Genetic information is stored within a DNA molecule, tightly wound into a structure known as a chromosome. A tiny amount o... More »

An organism's genotype is the entire set of genes that it carries in its genome, and its phenotype is the observable effect of those genes on the body and behavior of the organism. Biologists draw a distinction between g... More »

Mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is found in the mitochondria of a eukaryotic cell; it is composed of 37 genes that are necessary for the mitochondria's function. Nuclear DNA, on the other hand, is found in the ... More »

Genes are individual segments of DNA and chromosomes are structures which contain many genes packed together. Each chromosome contains one DNA molecule and each DNA molecule contains several genes or individual strands. More »

Mendel's Law is observed in meiosis because modern scientists are fully aware of chromosomes and genes, and paired chromosomes separate during meiosis. In this way gene pairs are segregated, proving Mendel's Law of Segre... More »