Sputnik 1 (/ ˈ s p ʊ t n ɪ k / or / ˈ s p ʌ t n ɪ k /; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957, orbiting for three weeks before its batteries died, then silently for two more months befor...
Sputnik 1 was never designed to land, approximately 3 months after it was launched it's orbit had decayed enough, that on the 4th January 1958 it burnt up as it reentered the Earth's atmosphere .
Sputnik 2, known to Korolev's design bureau as "Prosteyshiy Sputnik-2", meaning "Simple Satellite 2", was launched into a 212 × 1660 km (132 × 1031 mi) orbit with a period of 103.7 minutes on a modified ICBM R-7, similar to the one used to launch Sputnik 1. Sputnik 2's launch vehicle had several modifications for the mission.
The spacecraft, named Sputnik after the Russian ... the Soviets had already achieved another ideological victory when they launched a dog into orbit aboard Sputnik ... and first craft to soft-land ...
On Oct. 4, 1957, the Soviet Union stunned the world with its surprise launch of Sputnik 1. See how the historic satellite launch worked in this SPACE.com infographic.
Sputnik Crashed Here. Manitowoc, Wisconsin The galleries of the Rahr-West Art Museum contain paintings by Georgia O'Keeffe, Picasso, and Andy Warhol. They also contain a piece not even the Met or the Getty or the Louvre can equal -- a piece of space junk.
Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite to successfully achieve earth orbit. Launched by the Soviet Union on October 4, 1957 from Kazakhstan, Sputnik 1 stayed in orbit for three months ...
Sputnik 2 was launched on a Sapwood SS-6 8K71PS launch vehicle (essentially a modified R-7 ICBM similar to that used for Sputnik 1) to a 212 x 1660 km orbit with a period of 103.7 minutes. After reaching orbit the nose cone was jettisoned successfully but the Blok A core did not separate as planned.
The Sputnik 1 spacecraft was the first artificial satellite successfully placed in orbit around the Earth and was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome at Tyuratam (370 km southwest of the small town of Baikonur) in Kazakhstan, then part of the former Soviet Union. The Russian word "Sputnik" means "companion" ("satellite" in the astronomical sense).
With a single shot, the Soviet Union not only launched the first artificial satellite but also officially inaugurated a "space race" with the United States. Sputnik – sometimes called Sputnik 1 ...