Antibiotics; 17 November 2009 When were antibiotics first used? The concept of using chemicals to kill bacteria (and thus treat infections) has been around for centuries. ...
1911 – Arsphenamine a.k.a. Salvarsan 1912 – Neosalvarsan 1935 – Prontosil (an oral precursor to sulfanilamide), the first sulfonamide 1936 – Sulfanilamide 1938 – Sulfapyridine (M&B 693) 1939 – sulfacetamide 1940 – sulfamethizole 1942 – benzylpenicillin, the first penicillin 1942 – gramicidin S, the first peptide antibiotic 1942 – sulfadimidine
For example, anecdotes about the antibiotic-like properties of red soils in Jordan that were used historically (and are still being used as an inexpensive alternative to pharmaceutical products today) for treating skin infections have led to the discovery of a number of antibiotic-producing bacteria and concomitant antibiotic production in ...
Antibiotics have been used since ancient times. Many civilizations used topical application of mouldy bread, with many references to its beneficial effects arising from ancient Egypt, Nubia, China, Serbia, Greece, and Rome. The first person to directly document the use of moulds to treat infections was John Parkinson (1567–1650).
Antibiotics transformed medicine. The discovery of antibiotics began by accident. On the morning of September 3rd, 1928, Professor Alexander Fleming was having a clear up of his cluttered laboratory. Fleming was sorting through a number of glass plates which had previously been coated with staphyloccus bacteria as part of research Fleming was doing. One of …
During 1940's and 50's streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline were discovered and Selman Waksman used the term "antibiotics" to describe them (1942) Sir Alexander Fleming The discovery of penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum perfected the treatment of bacterial infections such as, syphilis, gangrene and tuberculosis.
There are many types of antibiotics—antibacterials, antivirals, antifungals, and antiparasitics. Some drugs are effective against many organisms; these are called broad-spectrum antibiotics. Others are effective against just a few organisms and are called narrowspectrum antibiotics. The most commonly used antibiotics are antibacterials.
This became the first modern antibiotic, although Ehrlich himself referred to his discovery as 'chemotherapy' – the use of a chemical to treat a disease. The word 'antibiotics' was first used over 30 years later by the Ukrainian-American inventor and microbiologist Selman Waksman, who in his lifetime discovered over 20 antibiotics.
Antibiotics are medications taken to fight infections caused by bacteria. When they first became available during World War II (1939-1945), antibiotics were called "wonder drugs" because of their stunning record for safety and effectiveness. Well-known antibiotics include penicillin, streptomycin, and
1940 – 1962: The golden era of antibiotics. Most of the antibiotic classes we use as medicines today were discovered and introduced to the market. Each class typically contains several antibiotics that have been discovered over time or are modified versions of previous types.