After the Civil War, the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments gave former slaves new rights as citizens, but states quickly passed laws to prevent African Americans from gaining the same access to business opportunities, trans... More »

In the United States, segregation started in the 1840s. Segregation was not legal until 1896, however, when the ruling came in Plessy v. Ferguson from the U.S. Supreme Court. More »

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On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court deemed segregation illegal in public schools in Brown vs. Board of Education. The plaintiff in the case was a seven-year-old African-American student from Kansas named Linda Brown. More »

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In the 1930s, segregation in America was reversed in the federal government thanks to Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration, and many African American leaders were asking blacks to focus on helping themselves; however, ... More »

Life for African Americans in the American South in the 1930s was not easy: they faced racial discrimination, a nearly constant threat of violence and far fewer employment opportunities than whites. The economic situatio... More »

The three amendments passed in the wake of the Civil War, sometimes collectively referred to as the "Reconstruction Amendments," intended to improve the rights of African-Americans throughout the nation. These amendments... More »

The Jim Crow laws legally segregated blacks from whites in the southern United States, from the Reconstruction period following the Civil War until the 1950s and 1960s, when they were repealed. Although the laws guarante... More »