https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_the_United_States

The indentured laborers were not slaves, but were required to work for four to ... The two whites with whom he fled were sentenced only to an ... as well as persecuted European Protestants to have a new start.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2019/02/19/what-we-get-wrong-about-roots-slavery-america/

Feb 19, 2019 ... Eric Herschthal is a postdoctoral fellow in African American and ... has long served as the starting point of African American history, even of racism itself. ... Starting at 1619 means foregrounding slavery and white dominance, ...

https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/slavery

Jun 3, 2019 ... Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries people were kidnapped from ... Slavery in America started in 1619, when a Dutch ship brought 20 African .... led by free blacks such as Frederick Douglass and white supporters such as ...

http://theconversation.com/american-slavery-separating-fact-from-myth-79620

Jun 19, 2017 ... How, then, do we calculate the timeline of slavery in America? Most historians use 1619 as a starting point: 20 Africans referred to as “servants” ...

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/misguided-focus-1619-beginning-slavery-us-damages-our-understanding-american-history-180964873/

Sep 13, 2017 ... The year the first enslaved Africans were brought to Jamestown is drilled into ... in American history curriculum—begins with the questions most of us ... in the preface to his 1968 classic, White Over Black, what did the white ...

https://nyupress.org/9780814742969/white-cargo

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, more than 300,000 white people were shipped to America as slaves. Urchins were swept up from London's streets  ...

https://www.amazon.com/They-Were-White-Slaves-Enslavement/dp/0929903056

White Cargo: The Forgotten History of Britain's White Slaves in America. + .... Start reading They Were White and They Were Slaves on your Kindle in under a  ...

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/02/08/column-why-america-cant-get-over-slavery-its-greatest-shame/1000524001/

Feb 8, 2018 ... Slavery is the pain that a third of America lives with and the rest of the ... one that maintains a false white superiority and black inferiority built on an ... all of us who continue to pretend that it didn't happen and do not face that ...

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01440399808575226

enslavement.2 Who were these individuals described as 'white slaves'? How .... ( Europeans), blacks (Africans), and Native Americans began in the early days.

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/investigations/2019/02/08/1619-african-arrival-virginia/2740468002/

Feb 8, 2019 ... ... Africans in 1619 has been called the beginning of U.S. slavery. ... That's how many whites began life in the New World, providing labor for a ...