Nightcrawlers produce an average of 38 cocoons per year, or roughly one every 10 days, in the right conditions. Each cocoon may create one or two earthworms, although manure worms have as many as 11 worms per cocoon. Breeding rates of earthworms depend on soil condition...
Earthworms consume decaying vegetation and small particles of organic matter from the soil. Their primary diet is made up of leaf litter and other cast-off pieces of plants. Although they are important decomposers, they generally do not eat rotten meat or dairy.
Earthworms are native to Europe and have spread in range to western and central Asia, as well as North America. They typically can be found in two ecophysical areas: above or below the soil. Above-soil earthworms consume decaying vegetable matter. Sub-soil earthworms cr...
A wide variety of animals eat earthworms, including rats, birds, foxes, moles, shrews, snakes, frogs, snails, salamanders, skunks and toads. Some insect species such as ants and beetles also feed on earthworms.
Earthworms do not have eyes, but they are equipped with cells that can sense changes in the intensity of light as well as cells that can respond to and measure touch. Earthworms are very primitive organisms who do not need to depend on sight to feed as they spend their ...
Earthworms are tube-shaped, segmented worms found living in soil, where they feed on organic matter. An earthworm's digestive tract is laid out straight from the oral orifice to the anus. The parts of the digestive tract regulate or absorb the nutrients from every meal.
The earthworm does not have a heart. The organ in an earthworm that acts as a heart is called the aortic arch. An earthworm has five aortic arches.