The University of Washington explains that the prefrontal cortex is responsible for activities that include problem solving, processing complex thoughts and causing emotions. The prefrontal cortex is located at the front... More »

The main part of the brain that bipolar disorder affects is the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is smaller in people with bipolar disorder, notes the National Institute of Mental Health. More »

According to Bryn Mawr College, the pons is largely responsible for dreaming because of its role in regulating REM sleep, which is vital for dreaming. Damage to the pons can result in loss of dreaming sleep. More »

Dreams are controlled by a part of the brain called the cerebral cortex. During REM sleep, signals sent from another part of the brain, the pons, are relayed through the thalamus to the cerebral cortex, and it is the cer... More »

The cerebral cortex of the brain is responsible for higher thought processes, and the left hemisphere is the rational half associated with logical and analytical thinking. It consists of gray matter arranged in folds tha... More »

Several specialized areas make up the human brain, such as the cortex, brain stem, basal ganglia and cerebellum. Another way of looking at the human brain is to consider its different lobes, the frontal, parietal, tempor... More »

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The primary gustatory cortex is a brain structure whose function is taste perception. The neurons in the gustatory cortex respond to the four tastes of sweet, sour, bitter and salty, and then this cortex determines the i... More »