The most important monosaccharide, glucose, is a hexose. Examples of heptoses include the ketoses, mannoheptulose and sedoheptulose. Monosaccharides with eight or more carbons are rarely observed as they are quite unstable. In aqueous solutions monosaccharides exist as rings if they have more than four carbons. Linear-chain monosaccharides
Since monosaccharides are the simplest units of carbohydrates, then they are also made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Carbohydrates have this general formula:
Monosaccharides. Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates and are often called single sugars. They are the building blocks from which all bigger carbohydrates are made. Monosaccharides have the general molecular formula (CH 2 O) n, where n can be 3, 5 or 6. They can be classified according to the number of carbon atoms in a molecule:
Carbohydrates (also called saccharides) are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Monosaccharides (e.g. glucose) and disaccharides (e.g. sucrose) are relatively small molecules.
Monosaccharides are a type of simple carbohydrate, or simple sugar. The word comes from the Greek manos, or single, and sacchar, sugar.The designation "carbohydrate" means that organic material is a combination of carbon and water, like sugars. A common example is glucose, which is found in the blood and can be expressed by its chemical makeup as C 6 (H 2 O) 6.
Picture 1. Monosaccharide examples: glucose, fructose and galactose. Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates. They can join together and form complex carbohydrates, for example: 2 monosaccharides form disaccharides, 3-10 of them form oligosaccharides and 11 or more of them form polysaccharides.
Monosaccharides are made by only one sugarmolecule, such as galactose, fructose or glucose. "Mono" comes from the Greek word "manos", and means one. A disaccharide contains two sugar molecules ...
For example, milk sugar is a disaccharide made by condensation of one molecule of each of the monosaccharides glucose and galactose, whereas the disaccharide sucrose in sugar cane and sugar beet, is a condensation product of glucose and fructose. Maltose, another common disaccharide, is condensed from two glucose molecules.
1.one or two sugar molecules 2.three or more sugar molecules 3.DNA and RNA 4.proteins Glucose, fructose, and sucrose are all carbohydrates. What elements make up all carbohydrates? carbon and oxygen only hydrogen, oxygen, and calcium carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen calcium, carbon, and oxygen
Sucrose is a disaccharide made up of glucose and fructose. Classification of carbohydrates starts from the simplest monosaccharides.